Do not submit an incomplete application
It is important to understand that you must submit a complete application for your immigration process as it can prove costly to have your Canadian visa application returned for minor mistakes or omissions. Incomplete application will not only waste several months time but also forfeit expensive Canadian immigration processing fees and will leave you in a situation where you have to re-submit your application to the back of the queue. Along with this having your Canadian visa application returned due to incompleteness is a frustrating experience and can have severe implications.
Many things contribute towards an incomplete application such as:
- Following the wrong application checklist and missing necessary documents.
- Using expired application forms.
- Missing or incorrect fee payments including over-payments.
- Failing to sign an application or check confirmation boxes.
- Missing out on answering all questions in the forms.
- Failure to upload all mandatory supporting evidence in the correct sections while applying online.
- Failing to submit the application to the correct department/location.
Currently due to Covid-19, IRCC is not returning incomplete applications due to the public policy only if the candidate has specified that they are unable to provide the necessary document due to the pandemic.
Provide necessary evidence for your case
While preparing your immigration application, it is of utmost importance to demonstrate that the candidate meets the required program criteria, this can be done by providing sufficient evidence in support of your documentation. This evidence will help the immigration officer to analyse your candidacy and make decisions based on the information available on your file rather than making assumptions.
There is no single checklist for immigration to Canada, so during your immigration process IRCC will provide you with a specific checklist based on your specific circumstances, the immigration program you are applying to and it is crucial for you to follow the checklist and provide evidence of necessary documents.
The evidence you submit must make a compelling argument to support your fit to the necessary program criteria and should positively nudge the decision of the immigration officer.
Some common examples of evidence:
- Applications by Canadian common-law partners to enter Canada must include documents to verify their oral verdict that they have lived together in a conjugal relationship with their Canadian partner for more than one year.
- Evidence of bank statements should have a clearly displayed name of the applicant on it otherwise it is impossible to determine their belonging and cannot be considered as a valid financial proof.
- Pictures to identify a genuine relationship with a Canadian or genuineness of a marriage is an important evidence to support spousal immigration application.
- You must prove that the candidate entered Canada legally by providing a copy of their stamped passport and/or a copy of their travel history
We suggest you review your application and ensure that you have provided the most compelling evidence to support your eligibility for your immigration program.
Reliability of the documents
In order for Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) to assess your immigration application it is important that the documents submitted are reliable. Various factors are considered while measuring the reliability of documents like for reliability of your foreign degree, diploma, or certificate, you will have to submit to an Educational Credential Assessment.
Furthermore, reliability is accessed based on the source of the document, its originality, whether it is on letterhead with contact information, it is dated and signed, reason it was produced, whether better documents could have been provided to support the application and the reason behind it being not provided.
A false declaration, fraudulent document or concealment of information could result in major consequences such as rejection of an application, withdrawal of nomination, refusal to examine further application from that applicant for a specific tenure, if applicable exclusion from Canada and sometimes grounds for prosecution or removal.
It is a deception that the approval rates for most immigration programs are falling, especially if the application is complete with necessary supporting evidence. If you feel that the refusal of your application is unreasonable you can challenge it based on the reason stated in the refusal letter. However, the reason stated by IRCC is incomplete so the applicant must first apply for complete disclosure through Access to Information Act and request to obtain the internal refusal reasons.
In addition, there is also the option of simply re-submitting another application if you feel that the justification provided is correct. There is lack of statistical data to reflect the outcome of challenging a refusal, but for the majority of immigration applications, the means of challenging a refusal is by filing a Judicial Review application at the Federal Court.
When faced with a refused immigration application, there are several routes to choose from, it is best to consult with an immigration professional to decide the best option in accordance with your case.